Can An Unmarried Partner in Ohio Recieve Support After a Break-Up?

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Your Dayton family lawyer was asked this week whether a person who had not married their child’s father but lived with him acting as his wife would be entitled to support from the father, as well as child support for the child, now that their relationship has ended. This person had stopped working to be a stay at home mother and provided home-making support to the father of her child for the past four years. Unfortunately, the answer to whether she could receive palimony (or financial support for an unmarried partner) is generally no in Ohio. Common law marriage, meaning a couple who lives together and acts or “holds themselves out” as husband and wife, and therefore have the same rights as an officially married couple under common law, is not recognized in Ohio anymore. If you were living together as husband and wife but not officially married prior to 1991, there may be an exception to the current rule, however most people do not fall under this exception.

If you are in a similar situation, it is still helpful to speak with an experienced Dayton divorce lawyer. There may be assets that are held jointly in both partner’s names and the fact that you are not married will not prevent you from exercising rights to jointly held assets. There also may be an enforceable contract between the partners that provides for some support after a break up. Additionally, if your ex-partner is the parent of your child, you may be entitled to child support. Child support is owed whether or not parents are married. The marital status of the parties only affects which Court orders that support (if married, child support is sought through the Domestic Relations Court, if unmarried, child support is sought through Juvenile Court).

Marriage is sometimes optional these days for many people. The trend seems to be to live together and have children but not officially “tie the knot”. However, people should think carefully about the protections that the “tied knot” brings, before discounting its value. Married people receive many benefits under our laws. All children born during the marriage are presumed to be children of the marriage, there are tax advantages accorded to married people, health insurance benefits, pension benefits, and privileges (such as the right not to testify against one another in Court). It is true that ending a marriage can be messier than ending an unmarried relationship, but that is because in an unmarried relationship there are often few rights of one party to enforce.

For more information about child or spousal support, please contact Dayton family lawyer at Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law today by clicking on the preceding link, by e-mail to hw@helenwallacelaw.com or by telephone to (937) 654-6800.

The contents contained in Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law’s Blog and Web Page(s) are for educational and informational purposes only, and shall not be construed as legal or tax advice. The reading of Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law’s Blog or Webpage does not create an attorney/client relationship with Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law. Please consult an Attorney in your jurisdiction (where you live or where the legal action arose) if you are seeking legal advice or representation. Please further be advised that Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law is a debt relief agency and helps people file for bankruptcy relief under the United States Bankruptcy Code.

How is Spousal Support (“Alimony”) Determined in Ohio?

Your Dayton family lawyer can help you determine what amount of spousal support (sometimes referred to as alimony) you may pay or receive through a divorce or dissolution in Ohio.

To determine the amount and duration of spousal support, the Ohio domestic relations courts consider a number of factors. These factors include the income and relative earning potential of the parties, the ages and physical, mental and emotional conditions of the parties, the retirement benefits of the parties, the duration of the marriage, the extent to which it would be inappropriate for a party (because that party will be custodian of a minor child of the marriage) to seek employment outside the home, the standard of living of the parties (established during the marriage), the relative extent of the education of the parties, the relative assets and liabilities of the parties (including but not limited to any court-ordered payments by the parties), the contribution to the education, training or earning ability of the other party (including but not limited to, any party’s contribution to the acquisition of a professional degree of the other party), the time and expense necessary for the spouse who is seeking spousal support to acquire education, training, or job experience so that the spouse will be qualified to obtain appropriate employment (provided the education, training, or job experience is, in fact, sought), the tax consequences, for each party, of an award of spousal support, the lost income production capacity of either party that resulted from that party’s marital responsibilities, and any other factor that the court considers relevant and equitable. When determining whether spousal support is reasonable, and while determining the amount and terms of spousal support, the Court shall consider each party to have contributed equally to the production of marital income.

For more information about Ohio divorce, and/or to schedule a consultation please contact Dayton divorce lawyer at Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law today by clicking on the preceding link, by e-mail to hw@helenwallacelaw.com or by telephone to (937) 654-6800.

The contents contained in Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law’s Blog and Web Page(s) are for educational and informational purposes only, and shall not be construed as legal or tax advice. The reading of Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law’s Blog or Webpage does not create an attorney/client relationship with Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law. Please consult an Attorney in your jurisdiction (where you live or where the legal action arose) if you are seeking legal advice or representation. Please further be advised that Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law is a debt relief agency and helps people file for bankruptcy relief under the United States Bankruptcy Code.

How to Get Reimbursed for Medical Expenses Under a Domestic Relations Decree

Many divorces or dissolutions provide that medical, dental, optical and psychological expenses are to be shared by the parents after the first $100 per child per year is spent (the first $100 is generally the responsibility of the residential parent). Sometimes parties are less than cooperative with each other, and a person may have difficulty getting reimbursement for expenses from their co-parent.

In order to seek redress from the Court under this scenario, a parent must be able to demonstrate that a proper claim for reimbursement (or demand for payment) was made to the person from whom reimbursement is sought. The claim or demand should include an itemization of expenses, and a breakdown of the responsible person’s share of the expense. The Montgomery County Ohio Domestic Relations Court has a form that must be submitted to the responsible parent for reimbursement of medical expenses, along with copies of all bills, receipts and insurance company explanation of benefit forms. It is very important that a copy of the claim form, along with all the afore-mentioned attachments, is kept by the parent submitting the claim. It is also important that the claim or demand is submitted to the person from whom reimbursement is sought by a verifiable method (i.e., certified mail).

If reimbursement is not obtained after submitting a claim as described above, your Dayton divorce lawyer can file a motion for contempt with the Court.

For more information about enforcing Ohio divorce or dissolution decrees, and/or to schedule a free consultation with an experienced attorney, please contact your Dayton divorce law firm or a Dayton family lawyer, at Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law today by clicking on the preceding link, by e-mail to hw@helenwallacelaw.com or by telephone to (937) 654-6800.

The contents contained in Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law’s Blog and Web Page(s) are for educational and informational purposes only, and shall not be construed as legal or tax advice. The reading of Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law’s Blog or Webpage does not create an attorney/client relationship with Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law. Please consult an Attorney in your jurisdiction (where you live or where the legal action arose) if you are seeking legal advice or representation. Please further be advised that Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law is a debt relief agency and helps people file for bankruptcy relief under the United States Bankruptcy Code.

Accessing a Foster Child’s School Records Easier With Passage of New Federal Bill

A law signed last week by President Barack Obama is designed to clear some educational roadblocks for foster kids, whose school records are often not accessible to child-welfare workers. Parents do not lose parental or educational rights to their child or children if a children services agency only has temporary custody of a child. In the past, this often meant that parental consent was needed in order for a child-welfare worker to take action to access a foster child’s school records. Obtaining parental consent, or a court order to proceed without parental consent, is often difficult, and time-consuming and contributes and compounds school transition difficulties for foster children.

The Uninterrupted Scholars Act gives agencies access to the records by creating an exception for child-welfare workers in the Federal Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, which is known as FERPA. That means child-welfare workers won’t necessarily have to obtain parental consent or wait for court orders to act on school matters.

Please click below to read the Uninterrupted Scholars Act:

http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/112/s3472/text

To learn more, please see the below article in the Columbus Dispatch:

http://www.dispatch.com/content/stories/local/2013/01/22/foster-kids-to-get-school-help.html

For more information about Ohio juvenile law, and/or to schedule a consultation please contact your Dayton family lawyer at Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law today by clicking on the preceding link, by e-mail to hw@helenwallacelaw.com or by telephone to (937) 654-6800.

The contents contained in Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law’s Blog and Web Page(s) are for educational and informational purposes only, and shall not be construed as legal or tax advice. The reading of Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law’s Blog or Webpage does not create an attorney/client relationship with Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law. Please consult an Attorney in your jurisdiction (where you live or where the legal action arose) if you are seeking legal advice or representation. Please further be advised that Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law is a debt relief agency and helps people file for bankruptcy relief under the United States Bankruptcy Code.

How is Ohio Child Support Computed When One Parent is Unemployed or Underemployed?

Child support in Ohio is calculated in accordance with a child support schedule and worksheet governed by Ohio Revised Code Sections 3119.02 through 3119.24.  When computing child support, the statute defines “income” in two ways: if a parent is employed full-time then it means the gross income of that parent.  If a parent is unemployed or underemployed, then income is defined as the sum of the gross income of that parent AND any potential income of that parent.

For the full definition of gross income and potential income see Ohio Revised Code Section 3119.01 (C) (subsection 7 and 11 respectively) (scroll down to see the definition effective after September 28, 2012):

http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/3119.01

To learn more about child support in Ohio, or to discuss your personal situation with an experienced Dayton child support attorney , please contact your Dayton family lawyer today at Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law by clicking on the preceding link, by e-mail to hw@helenwallacelaw.com or by telephone to (937) 654-6800.

The contents contained in Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law’s Blog and Web Page(s) are for educational and informational purposes only, and shall not be construed as legal or tax advice. The reading of Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law’s Blog or Webpage does not create an attorney/client relationship with Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law. Please consult an Attorney in your jurisdiction (where you live or where the legal action arose) if you are seeking legal advice or representation. Please further be advised that Helen Wallace, Attorney at Law is a debt relief agency and helps people file for bankruptcy relief under the United States Bankruptcy Code.

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