If both parties (meaning husband and wife) are in agreement that their marriage should end and can agree on child custody, parenting time, child support, spousal support and property and debt allocation, it can be more efficient (both in terms of time and money) for a Dayton family lawyer to file a dissolution rather than a divorce. Like a divorce, a dissolution petition is also filed in the Ohio domestic relations division of the local common pleas court. As in a divorce, in order for the common pleas court to have jurisdiction (meaning the legal authority or power to hear a case) , the parties must have resided in the State of Ohio for 6 months, and in the county where the dissolution is filed for 90 days. A Dayton family lawyer files a joint (meaning on behalf of the husband and wife) petition for dissolution, along with a separation agreement that settles all property disputes and issues pertaining to spousal support, child custody and parenting time, property division and payment of marital debts. Unlike in a divorce, a hearing on to finalize a dissolution must be scheduled quickly, meaning within 30 to 90 days of filing. If the parties are later unable to resolve all the issues between them, at any time before the Court grants a dissolution of marriage, your Dayton family lawyer may move the Court to convert the case into a divorce case.